With more than 421 bird species comprising of endemic, resident and migrants, Sri Lanka is a fascinating birding destination for viewing a great variety within a relatively short period. Starting from wet zone jungles to the dry zone wetlands our birding tours provide an excellent chance of observing a wonderful diversity of Sri Lankan avian fauna with the guidance of professional birdwatchers. Due to its small size the visitor can comfortably visit virtually all of the good sites in the country in the space of two weeks.
The visitor with limited time can judiciously combine the sites for endemics with sites of general wildlife interest and archaeological cultural sites. With the exception of the endangered Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush and the scarce Sri Lanka Bush Warbler all of the endemics have been recorded at Sinharaja. However in the areas visited by birders some of the other montane endemics are unlikely to be seen. Hence to have good coverage of the endemics, as a bare minimum a visit to a wet lowland site such as Sinharaja, Kitulgala or Bodhinagala will need to be combined with a visit to a montane site such as Horton Plains or Hakgala in the mountainous Central Province. For the latter two the hill resort of Nuwara Eliya can be used as a base.
Most birders visit Bodhinagala en route to Sinharaja as it the best place to see the endemic Green billed Coucal which if not seen is likely to be heard. The Indian subcontinent endemic, Sri Lanka Frogmouth, is also a possibility at Bodhinagala and Sinharaja. To see a wider range of Indian sub continent birds and mammals three national parks in the low country Southern Province are very good. Udawalawe is superb for elephants. For a greater variety and concentration of mammals visit Yala and/or Bundala. For the shorebird enthusiast Bundala is a must. Hambantota and Kalametiya are other good sites in the south. In the outskirts of Colombo is the Bellanwila-Attidiya marshes which is superb for water birds. This site is an ornithological jewel in the surrounding urban chaos.